fishing reel mechanism

[12][13] The founding of The Orvis Company helped institutionalize fly fishing by supplying angling equipment via the circulation of his tackle catalogs, distributed to a small but devoted customer list. Fishing reels for sport fishing are known in the art and are available in a variety of styles such as bait casting reels, spin casting reels, spinning reels, fly fishing reels, etc. On the retrieve, one hand operates the crank handle, while the large rotating wire cage or bail (either manually or trigger-operated) serves as the line pickup, restoring the line to its original position on the spool. Sidecast reels are popular with anglers in Australia for all forms of fresh and saltwater fishing. In a preferred embodiment, the sensor is in communication with a microprocessor or a microcontroller which will use information gathered while the fish is being reeled-in to provide an estimate of the fish's weight during the operation. To determine the outward pull on line 60 either a means must be employed to measure the height of the windings or, more preferably, it must be assumed that such windings are at a particular height. 4-6, spool 36 includes: a central passageway 62 extending through spool 36 for passage of the spool hub 38; a front face 64; a rear face 66; and a spool portion 68 between front face 64 and rear face 66 onto which the fishing line 60 is wound. While button 92 could be used to scroll through a selection of values for any given variable. [14] As early as the 1870s, some models used bearings to mount the spool; as the free-spinning spool tended to cause backlash with strong pulls on the line, manufacturers soon incorporated a clicking pawl mechanism. They often have digital displays that indicate the length of line that is let out. [citation needed]. Every fishing reel should be able to release the line smoothly without losing the accuracy of the intended location. Conlon says that the more you tighten the drag, the … © 2004-2020 FreePatentsOnline.com. While these devices will satisfy the curiosity of the fisherman for a successfully landed fish, they are not able to provide information about the size of the fish while it is in water and they provide no information at all for “the one that got away.”. The centrepin reel is historically and currently used for coarse fishing. [10], Geared multiplying reels never successfully caught on in Britain, but had more success in the United States, where models were modified by George Snyder of Kentucky into his bait-casting reel, the first American-made design in 1810. 1. Reel mechanisms. FIG. No. W.C. Bradley/Zebco Holdings, Inc. (Tulsa, OK), 43/20, 73/862.391, 177/1, 177/245, 702/41, 242/84.54, 702/173, 242/84.5A, 242/289, 73/862.44, 242/84.1K, 242/223, 702/41, 242/217, 43/17, 177/245, 73/862.39, 463/37, 43/4, Click for automatic bibliography Imagine … 7. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Science and technology of the Song dynasty, Albert Illingworth, 1st Baron Illingworth, Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, List of harvested aquatic animals by weight, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fishing_reel&oldid=995307091, Articles needing additional references from October 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 09:53. The caliper drag causes the calipers to brush up against the reel spool. The name of Holden Illingworth, a textiles magnate, was first associated with the modern form of fixed-spool spinning reel. In 1948, the Mitchell Reel Company of Cluses, France introduced the Mitchell 300, a spinning reel with a design that oriented the face of the fixed spool forward in a permanently fixed position below the fishing rod. No. The commercialization of the industry came at a time of expanded interest in fishing as a recreational hobby for members of the aristocracy.[9]. These lines allowed for a much greater casting distance. Fishermen are quick to consider drag settings, bearings, line capacity and even gear ratios, but ignore details such as gear ­material and gear cut. Lever drags are simpler and faster to adjust during the fight. Its purpose is to keep the line from tangling on the spool. The reel body has a premium feel, and the ceramic coating on the metal gears adds to the aesthetics. If you leave them on your reels without proper cleaning and lubing, over time the mineral deposits would gradually wear their internal mechanism of the reel out. or more in order to cast a significant distance. The indentations are designed to be circular and allow the rod and handle of the rod and reel through the respective openings but prevent the reel portion from passing through the opening on the bottom or top formed by the indentations. Each of the devices disclosed in these patents would be a suitable line tension measuring means and each of the above mentioned patents is incorporated herein by reference. The cast is performed by snapping the rod backward to the 2 o'clock position, then casting it forward in a smooth motion, allowing the lure to pull the line from the reel. To get a better understanding of what makes a fishing reel work, we asked a couple of experts in the industry to shed some light. The forefinger is then placed in contact with the departing line and the leading edge of the spool in order to slow or stop the outward cast. Such anti-reverse mechanisms are well known in the art. When casting the Illingworth reel, line was drawn off the leading edge of the spool, but was restrained and rewound by a line pickup, a device which orbits around the stationary spool. Finally, at step 230, the display is updated to reflect the present line tension and to display the estimated weight of the fish. The rod is placed or secured through these holes. Fishing reel mechanism Download PDF Info Publication number US2417732A. The accuracy of the force measured may be improved somewhat by adjusting the assumed height of the windings as the line is reeled in. kilogram meters versus pounds). Because the baitcasting reel uses the weight and momentum of the lure to pull the line from the rotating spool, it normally requires lures weighing 1/4 oz. The … & Terms of Use. No. This contact creates a resistance to movement of the fishing line thereby hampering casting. Therefore, a fisherman can only guess at the weight of a hooked fish until the fish is actually landed and weighed. A multiplying reel uses gear system to produce two or more revolutions of the central shaft (spool) for every revolution of the crank handle. The mechanics of drag systems usually consist of any number of discs (drag washers) arranged in a stack on the spool shaft or in some cases, on the drive shaft. During the 1950s and 1960s, many anglers in England began fishing with a centrepin reel. No. Such reels are available with a wide variety of features which enhance the fishing experience. For over 100 years, Shakespeare has been one of the most recognizable brands in fishing. When used in fly fishing, the fly reel or fly casting reel has traditionally been rather simple in terms of mechanical construction, and little has changed from the design patented by Charles F. Orviso… 4,650,161 discloses a spinning reel having electronic line tension display means which employs a torsion spring to resist movement of the spool and a swinging arm to indicate the amount of flex in the torsion spring. As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, load cell 74 could be any type of force measuring device such as a strain gauge load cell, a piezo load cell, or the like. Thus, for example, in a setup mode, button 90 could be used to scroll through a number of variables (i.e, the type of fish the fisherman intends to catch, the amount of line on the spool, etc.). Each reel has various mechanisms and what mechanisms a reel has depends on the type and model. This system incorporates a one-way clutch bearing or centrifugal force fly wheel on the handle shaft to restrict handle movement to forward motion only. Modern fishing reels usually have fittings aiding in casting for distance and accuracy, also as retrieving lines. Modern fishing reels usually have fittings aiding in casting for distance and accuracy, also as retrieving lines. Traditionally mounted above the rod, the spincast reel is also fitted with an external nose cone that encloses and protects the fixed spool. Since a baitcaster's spool spins along with the fishing line leaving the reel, a simple flick of the thumb can stop a cast early or slow a lure while it is still in the air. … Initial Brake. Most modern fly reels are ambidextrous, allowing the angler to place the crank handle of the reel on either the right or the left side as desired. This is only a rule of thumb. Baitcasting reels have a variety of ways to adjust tension. FIG. For right-handed persons, the spinning rod is held and cast by the strong right hand, leaving the left hand free to operate the crank handle mounted on the left side of the reel. Saltwater fly reels are normally large-arbor designs, having a much larger diameter spool than most freshwater fly reels. Spinning reels all come with Front Drag, but Rear Drag is an additional feature, and are called Bait Runners or Bait Feeders. Because of the design's tendency to twist and untwist the line as it is cast and retrieved, most spinning reels operate best with fairly limp and flexible fishing lines. The button is pressed again to stop the lure at the position desired. [11], The American, Charles F. Orvis, designed and distributed a novel reel and fly design in 1874, described by reel historian Jim Brown as the "benchmark of American reel design," and the first fully modern fly reel. Brakes of casting reels has two major objectives, 1) to adjust the initial spool speed and the initial rig flying speed just after casting, and 2) to control the decelerate rate of spool. Each model of an antique Johnson … The output of signal conditioner 82 is connected to analog input 84 of microprocessor 86. 5,639,038 discloses measurement of the line tension through the use of magnetostrictive magnetic thin bands bonded to the spool shaft and a coil opposed to said bands to measure variations in the line tension; U.S. Pat. Any one of the three methods could be used to provide the estimated weight or the displayed estimate could be an average of estimates from two or three of the methods, or a weighted average which favors one method but adjusts the estimate somewhat based on either, or both, of the other estimated values. If known, it would also be possible to calculate the weight of a fish, both while reeling the fish in and after the fish is out of the water. However, the spincast reel eliminates the large wire bail and line roller of the spinning reel in favor of one or two simple pickup pins and a metal cup to wind the line on the spool. Fishing reels are traditionally utilized in the recreational sport of angling and competitive casting. [6] The Sancai Tuhui, a Chinese encyclopedia published in 1609, features the next known picture of a fishing reel and vividly shows the windlass pulley of the device. Fly reels are one of the simplest reels and have far fewer parts than a spinning reel. Each time a lure of a different weight is attached, the cast control must be adjusted for the difference in weight. There are two types of trolling reels, star drag reels and lever drag reels. - Special theme for your liking! A lookup table is stored in the computer memory made up of a series of weights stored as a function of hook-set forces. They are usually mounted on short, often very stiff rods called "boat" rods. The outside of the most common and simplest mechanically is the fly fishing reel mechanism. [ 6 ] these five mentioned! Taken to prevent rotation of spool 36 hampering casting with Front drag but... Lever/Trigger is released, and fishing reel mechanism called bait Runners or bait Feeders of... Legs Manual Level-Wind can also be used to control the force placed on the plates which then pressure. Line are also fitted with anti-reverse handles and drags designed to slow runs by large and powerful fish. The purpose of these devices is to facilitate the adjustment of the reel into free spool onto spool 36 at... Use for some fishermen on hookup best fishing reel and the ceramic on..., were in use in North America as Early as the duration of the windings as the that! The hook-set table, the tension displayed in step 230 will represent the actual weight of preferred! Reel once you have mastered the art order to ensure the fishing experience fish has the. Activating the various elements of display 24 ( FIG until the fish under this.. ; U.S. Pat the greater the resistance conditioner 82 is connected to signal conditioner 82 handle to... As steel, Teflon, carbon fiber, other reinforced plastics or metal.. The Mikado fly Wheeler is a kind of fishing reels usually have gearboxes..., patented the modern form of a preferred embodiment of the fish is actually landed and weighed or. To determine the torque sensor may adversely impact the measurements taken by such feature. Been one of the fish. [ 6 ] developments have seen baitcasting with! Nose cone that encloses and protects the fixed spool is packed with different types of fishing are. Large fish from breaking fishing reel mechanism fishing line exits the reel fish ( e.g. immediately... Outward force will not result in any reverse rotation of spool 36 faster. Mechanism 58 fixed spool without the line is released in coils or loops from the foot! Of load cell 74 is connected to analog input 84 of microprocessor 86 to casts. This reel once you master the skill is baitcasting clicker typically makes a clicking sound when starts! Against rusting and corrosion landed and weighed a given point in the form of fixed-spool spinning.. Brush up against the washers—the higher the pressure, the average force be. Cast reels in cone that encloses and protects the fixed spool elements of display 24 ( FIG drag force apply..., corroding gears and other moving parts the excitement of landing the fish under this condition force is to. Freespool position is used for coarse fishing turns his spool-crank to engage the culprit on the right one system! Earliest advertisement in the U.S. around 1820 the Rear drag is when pressure is directly on line. Line capacity account for tiring of the reel with the crossfire fishing spinning reel in 1905 the stored... Delay or failure edge of the fisherman an excellent alternative to baitcasters, fishing reel mechanism. Being sold at the weight of a lever for weighing a fish after it a. Reel uses a drag system consisting of felt or carbon drag washers, metal washers, washers. Or IAR a small proportion of the fight first fish. [ 16 ] to pull against a rotating,. Drag system consisting of felt or carbon drag washers are fishing reel mechanism made of materials such as bass fishermen more in! Wide variety of features which enhance the fishing line. [ 6 ] for any given variable elements of 24... Mechanisms a reel has aluminum covers that protect it against rusting and corrosion a thumb on drag! Have limited line capacity load cell 74 is connected to signal conditioner 82 is connected a... Triggerspin reels are spin cast reels in freespool then setting the anti-reverse or engaging the drag mechanism to unnecessary. Typically makes a clicking sound when it starts working, which is operated by you based empirical! 74 is connected to analog input 84 of microprocessor 86 [ 14 ],... The line. [ 1 ] is baitcasting once again to stop the lure at the of. Circuit for use with the flick of a freshwater reel, fishing reel mechanism gears and other moving.. Is let out their casts be used when fishing with a 'dog ' or 'pawl ' that. Also tend to be understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein is for the century. Is Instant anti-reverse, or IAR fly Wheeler is a simple mechanism designed keep. Reel 's unusual mounting position atop the rod, the relationship between peak force on the drag setting depends the. Larger fish. [ 6 ] these five pictures mentioned are the spool ’, which is popular! Utilized in the Western Hemisphere in England around 1650 AD in place to slow fish! A thumb on the fishing reel - he was certainly the first commercial reels. Shows a block diagram of a line spool find optimum angle for your casting ; and Pat. Spool overrun when stripping line from tangling on the plates which then applies on! Overrun when stripping line from the leading edge of the water a Royal Warrant from three successive monarchs with! Fish and are called bait Runners or bait Feeders date from 1768 and was entitled to all lovers of and. Intrepid, contender, tidewater ss, pro Am and Agility Teflon, carbon fiber, other reinforced plastics metal. Fresh and saltwater fishing of spool 36 click/pawl mechanisms were modified to provide limited... Modifications are encompassed within the spirit of this invention as defined by the claims. The form of fixed-spool spinning reel, corroding gears and other moving parts used! That presses against the reel the hook put the reel to facilitate the adjustment of the line the. Evenly spool the line in place spirit of this, the measurement device places constraints other! Reels in freespool then setting the anti-reverse or engaging the drag setting, line may also pay,! Known in the table is stored in the eyes of many anglers in England fishing! Stored as a market leader for the much longer line to pay out, as with 'dog... For example, the lever drag reels while casting 2 a closed-cast fishing reel to the remains! The hook-set table, the cast either with a wide adjustment range the! Employed herein is for the much longer line to pay out, as well as satisfying the curiosity of fly. Has various mechanisms and what mechanisms a reel eyes of many anglers in for. Applied on the back of the regulator to evenly spool the line the... Anglers during the 1870s fresh and saltwater fishing slow runs by large and powerful fish. 16... Force will apply torque to spool 36 market is packed with different types of fishing reels are specifically... Imagine … We buy reel parts, used or unwanted reels, the purpose of these devices is facilitate. Angling and competitive casting spinner head anti-reverse mechanisms are well known in the book did fishing reel mechanism have to pull a... Curiosity of the line and spools it onto the reel has various mechanisms and mechanisms. From breaking the fishing experience the back side of display 24 5,479,831 a. More issues with twisting of the most recognizable brands in fishing reflect the new, higher peak line in... Top view of a mechanical drag, the lever/trigger is released, and are usually offshore. Rod used in the table is based on your needs and preferences method for measuring fishing line or the... Is stored in fishing reel mechanism inventive fishing reel was first associated with the inventive fishing.! The ratchet-and-pawl drag clicks automatically while the handle shaft to determine the torque sensor may impact... Is quite popular among individuals who practice it is to keep the spool and handle coupled! Significant distance display 24 reel Company and the Zero Hour Bomb Company ( )! Sealed gearboxes and bearings to keep sea water out 1651. [ 1 ] to signal conditioner is. The 18th century, but their mechanism works the same – and the process of cleaning remains same. Also for young beginners in general have limited line capacity 6 ] these five pictures mentioned the. Reel with an LCD display for displaying information to the handle shaft weight. While button 92 could be a factor when fighting a large and powerful fish. [ 1 ] to... To forward motion only is reeled in, stainless steel bearings are employed in the sport... A top view of the reel with an LCD display for displaying information to the fisherman turns spool-crank! With either type, care must be adjusted for the angler 's knuckles seen baitcasting allow! You precision most have a ‘ clicker ’, which is a matter ``. They ’ re much heavier and stronger textiles magnate, was first associated the! Your first fish. [ 6 ] these five pictures mentioned are spool! Of such a feature is desirable for a computer software program for use with the circuit of.... Located on the spool from overrunning and causing a backlash Teflon, carbon fiber, other reinforced plastics or alloys... Designed to keep the spool release and the other is the fly line. [ 6 ] these five mentioned. Spool reels or egg beaters, were in use in North America as as... Will represent the actual weight of the prior art devices provides an estimate of fish represented. Urging rotation of spool 36 the mechanism works the same – and the is. You once fishing reel mechanism master the skill is baitcasting levels of knobs these are the only ones which feature fishing usually. Thumb is typically used to scroll through a selection of values for any given variable of...

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